UPDATE: The 2021 General Assembly passed the Consideration of Climate and Labor Act. Read below to learn more about this important legislation.
Why We Need to Require the Public Service Commission (PSC) to Consider Climate
The world’s leading climate scientists warn that we have 10 short years to dramatically reduce our climate-disrupting emissions. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), we must reduce greenhouse gas emissions 60% by 2030 to avoid the worst impacts of a rapidly warming planet.
This means we need to consider climate when making decisions about how we power our homes, industries, and cars, and keeping labor standards and equity front and center while we build this new economy. We need a PSC that is able to fully consider these proposals’ climate change and labor impacts.
The Problem: Climate Effects Ignored
The Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) regulates electricity and gas supply in the state. It approves facilities that generate electricity and oversees the gas industry. When it approved a former coal plant repowering to gas, the PSC stated that its governing statute “does not specifically or generally require considerations regarding climate change.”
The PSC staff agreed: “the Commission has never required that any consideration of climate change and its effects be included in a . . . proceeding.” In addition, there is not sufficient accountability for labor issues.
The Solution: Institute a PSC Climate and Labor Test
As an immediate fix to an immediate problem, this bill will require the Commission to consider the maintenance of fair and stable labor standards and the protection of the global climate by supervising and regulating certain public service companies.
What Will the Bill Do?
- Directs the PSC to consider climate change in its regulation of the electricity sector, based upon the best available scientific information recognized by the IPCC and achieving our state climate goals.
- Specifically, the legislation will require the PSC to consider climate impacts when reviewing applications for new electricity generating facilities, and when it approves the sites for new facilities.
- State agencies similarly would need to consider climate impacts when providing input to the PSC regarding applications for new facilities.
- Requires energy companies applying to the PSC to disclose the benefits they will give to workers on specific energy projects.
Impacts: Bringing the Maryland PSC Up to Speed
In December 2018, DC adopted a bill similar to what Maryland is considering. It immediately had an impact.
For example, In a December 2019 ruling, the DC PSC declined a request by Washington Gas Light (“WGL”) to extend a natural gas subsidy pilot, citing the new mandate requiring the Commission to consider the request “in light of its effects on global climate change and the District’s public climate commitments.”
And, in September 2019, the DC PSC issued a public Notice of Inquiry to establish a carbon footprint assessment framework for considering the effects of a utility proposal on global climate change and emissions reductions.
Victory: Passing the Climate and Labor Test
The Maryland General Assembly was on track to pass the previous version of the Climate & Labor Act in 2020 but the legislative session was cut short by COVID-19. The bill had already made it out of the Senate Finance Committee and was close to passing the House Economic Matters Committee. With 28 House cosponsors and 7 Senate cosponsors, this bill has demonstrated broad support and viability.
In 2021, Maryland once again had the opportunity to take the Climate & Labor Act over the finish line and pass common sense legislation — and it succeeded! The bill was passed in the Maryland Senate on February 24 and in the House of Delegates on April 2. Governor Hogan allowed the bill to become law.
The PSC has neglected the impacts of climate change and has made an inadequate consideration of labor for too long, allowing harmful projects into our communities. Now, we have a chance to ensure that future infrastructure projects will not continue to adversely affect Marylanders and their environment.
- “Proposal to revive shuttered Baltimore County power plant stirs questions about climate change,” Baltimore Sun, 6/21/19
- “A year after fracking ban, Maryland Gov. Hogan’s support for natural gas sparks new battle,” Baltimore Sun, 3/3/18
- “Md. moving in the wrong direction on energy,” Baltimore Sun, 6/15/18
- “Keep your pipelines out of Maryland,” Washington Post. 6/7/19
- “Activists Rally Against Governor Hogan’s Fracked-Gas Plans Ahead of MEA Meeting,” Chesapeake Climate Action Network, 11/21/19
- “Is a $103 million expansion of natural gas service the best Md. can do?” Baltimore Sun, 2/26/18
- Factsheet: A Climate and Labor Test for Maryland’s PSC
- “The Natural Gas Gamble: A Risky Bet on America’s Clean Energy Future.” Union of Concerned Scientists, 2015
- “Environmental Impacts of Natural Gas.” Union of Concerned Scientists